Bunions are a fairly common foot issue that many people struggle with, and for many of these people there are several non-surgical measures to take to relieve bunion symptoms and pain (though they will no likely reduce the bunion itself). Bunions are structural issue and non-surgical, conservative treatment may include things like:
- Wear appropriate fitting shoes.
- Avoid crowding of your toes in your shoes.
- Avoid high heel shoes.
- Having your shoe stretched – “spot stretch”.
- Cutting an “X” in the shoe overlying the bunion.
- Try to pad the shoe.
- Use a bunion pad to protect the bunion from rubbing on the shoe.
- Try a splint to hold the big toe over.
- Try a spacer between the big toe and the second toe.
- Use an over the counter insole to better align the foot.
- Calf stretches.
- Ice the area (avoid if you have circulation or sensation problems).
- Change your activities.
If these actions are quite cutting it, bunion pads, toe spacers, night splints, and shoe inserts can also offer some support and relief. If these still aren’t providing enough relief then prescription anti-inflammatory pain medication, injections, and physical therapy may help.
If you are not finding relief from these non-surgical methods, it may be time to consider bunion surgery.